The command "sudo apt update" is used in Ubuntu and other Debian-based Linux distributions to update the package lists for available software packages from the repositories configured on the system.
Here is what each component of the command does:
"sudo" stands for "superuser do" and is used to run the subsequent command with administrative privileges. It ensures that the command has root or administrative access to perform the necessary actions.
"apt" is the package management command-line tool used on Ubuntu and other Debian-based systems to install, update, and manage software packages.
"update" is a sub-command of "apt" that instructs it to update the local package lists. These lists contain information about the latest versions of software packages available from the configured repositories.
When you execute "sudo apt update", the command connects to the repositories specified in the "/etc/apt/sources.list" file and retrieves the latest package lists, including information about updates, new packages, or any changes in the repository database. It does not install or upgrade any packages; it only updates the local package lists.
Once the package lists are updated, you can use other "apt" commands like "sudo apt upgrade" or "sudo apt install" to install or upgrade software packages on your system.
Questions that are answered by this command:
- How do I update my apt repos?