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On this page you find all important commands for the CLI tool chroot. If the command you are looking for is missing please ask our AI.


The chroot command is a system utility in Unix and Unix-like operating systems that allows a user to change the apparent root directory. "chroot" stands for "change root". This command is commonly used for creating isolated environments or sandboxes for running applications or processes in a restricted manner.

When chroot is executed, it creates a new root directory for the running process, isolating it from the rest of the system. This new root directory becomes the root of the file system hierarchy for that process, which means the process believes it is running on its own file system starting from the new root directory.

Some use cases of chroot include:

  1. Security: It can be used to run potentially vulnerable or untrusted applications in an isolated environment to restrict their access to the rest of the system. This helps mitigate the impact of any security vulnerabilities that could be exploited.

  2. Testing: Developers often use chroot to test software in a controlled environment that mimics a specific distribution or configuration. It allows them to test compatibility, functionality, and dependencies without affecting the main system.

  3. System recovery: When a system is damaged or unbootable, chroot can be used to access the damaged installation from a live CD or another operating system. This enables system administrators to make repairs or recover data.

To use chroot, you typically need root access or superuser privileges. The command syntax is as follows:

chroot new_root [command] [arguments]

Here, "new_root" is the path to the new root directory and "command" is an optional command to be executed in the new environment.

It's important to note that chroot alone does not provide complete security or sandboxing. It merely changes the view of the file system for the process running within the chroot environment. Additional measures, such as proper user privilege settings, resource limitations, and network isolation, may be required for a more secure and effective sandboxing solution.

List of commands for chroot:

  • chroot:tldr:4e9ac chroot: Specify user and group (ID or name) to use.
    $ chroot --userspec=${user:group}
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  • chroot:tldr:5684e chroot: Run command as new root directory.
    $ chroot ${path-to-new-root} ${command}
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    explain this command
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