Forrest logo
tool overview
On this page you find all important commands for the CLI tool stun. If the command you are looking for is missing please ask our AI.


STUN, or Session Traversal Utilities for NAT, is a command line tool used for network address translation (NAT) traversal. It is designed to assist applications that run behind a NAT firewall by allowing them to determine their public IP address, the type of NAT being used, and the mapping of the external port to the internal port.

  1. STUN is a lightweight protocol that operates at the application layer of the Internet Protocol (IP) suite.

  2. It helps identify the presence and nature of NAT devices between two endpoints involved in a communication.

  3. This tool enables applications to punch holes in NAT firewalls, allowing for direct peer-to-peer communication.

  4. STUN supports both UDP (User Datagram Protocol) and TCP (Transmission Control Protocol) transport protocols.

  5. It typically runs on a client-server model, where the client sends a request to the server, which replies with a response containing the necessary information.

  6. The STUN server is responsible for relaying the public IP address and the port mappings of the client's NAT device.

  7. STUN is widely used in VoIP (Voice over IP) applications, online gaming, and peer-to-peer file sharing, where direct communication between clients is essential.

  8. The STUN protocol is defined in RFC 5389 and includes a variety of message types and attributes to facilitate NAT traversal.

  9. The tool can help diagnose network connectivity issues caused by NAT traversal problems, aiding in troubleshooting.

  10. STUN has been effectively replaced by ICE (Interactive Connectivity Establishment) protocol, which builds upon STUN and provides additional features such as relaying and fallback mechanisms.

List of commands for stun:

  • stun:tldr:b9ba1 stun: Make a STUN request.
    $ stun ${stun-1und1-de}
    try on your machine
    explain this command
  • stun:tldr:eac60 stun: Make a STUN request and specify the source port.
    $ stun ${stun-1und1-de} -p ${4302}
    try on your machine
    explain this command
tool overview